Ukrainian is a Slavic language that comes from the Indo-European language family. There are varying theories to the origin of the language, most believe the language evolved from a common language of the East Slavs, while some believe the languages divided even before that. Modern Ukrainian has been spoken since the 17th century, deriving from the Ruthenian language. The language has been influenced by German, Polish, and Russian and was known as “little Russian” in some areas until as recently as the 20th century. Under the Russian empire, Ukrainian was banned from schools and expressions of Ukrainian language and culture were punished and persecuted. In the late 1800s, a revival started and the ban was lifted from 1905 until 1914. The Ukrainian People’s Republic was formed around the time of the Russian Revolution and they instituted a Ukrainian language education system. Ukrainian survived the Soviet era and Stalin, and in 1991 became the official language of Ukraine. Today, the language is spoken by more than 30 million people and is a recognized minority language in ten countries, including Russia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia.
Vietnamese is a language from the Austroasiatic languages that formed in Southeast Asia. Although the origins of the language are disputed, it is believed that Vietnamese has been spoken since before the 7th century AD. When Vietnam gained independence in the 10th century, they adopted Chinese as a language of government and literature, as China was the predominant power in the area. Chinese greatly influenced the Vietnamese language and for a long time used a modified version of Chinese characters. In the 19th century, the French invaded and replaced Chinese as the official language; Vietnamese adopted the Latin alphabet and borrowed many loanwords from French. Today, Vietnamese is the national and official language of Vietnam, as well as a recognized minority language in Czech Republic. It is spoken by approximately 75 million people and is increasingly taught as a foreign language.
If you need anything translated into one of these languages, come on over toLionbridge onDemand. Check out all of the A-Z blogs where we’ll tell you about the Lionbridge languages from A to Z.
(*These are the languages for which we have translators on staff and ready to go. If there is a language that you do not see on this list, you can put in a request and we can find and source a linguist for you.)