Romanian is a language from the Romance branch of the Indo-European languages. The earliest written accounts of the languages are from the 16th century, although it is thought to have become a distinct language closer to the 10th century. The first Romanian grammar was not published until 1780. In the 1800s, the language (then referred to as Moldavian) was granted official status and literature started to be published. Later, Romanian was repressed as the vernacular, with Russian being the language of the elite and educated. In the 1900s, Romanian language and culture saw a revival when activists began publishing newspapers and fighting for their right to teach the language in schools. In 1923, Romanian became the official language. Today, it is spoken by 28 million people and has official status in Romania and Moldova, with a recognized minority in Hungary, Serbia and the Ukraine.
Russian is a Slavic language from the Indo-European family that dates back to the 12th and 13th centuries. The language emerged on what is now modern Russia when the dialects of the Old East Slavic language shifted. In Medieval times, the people of the area spoke a version of Church Slavonic and it wasn’t until the 18th century that political reforms helped to modernize the language, forming the now used Cyrillic alphabet. The language solidified with the spread of literature and only changed slightly with a spelling reform in the early 1900s. Today, Russian is a fluctuating language, borrowing words from other languages and evolving constantly. It is spoken by more than 150 million native speakers and another 260 million speakers as a second language. It is an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Moldova. Russian is also a recognized minority in Romania, Finland, Ukraine, Israel, Lithuania, Estonia, and the United States.
If you need anything translated into one of these languages, come on over to Lionbridge onDemand. Stay tuned for our next A-Z blog where we’ll tell you about the Lionbridge languages that begin with “F”.
(*These are the languages for which we have translators on staff and ready to go. If there is a language that you do not see on this list, you can put in a request and we can find and source a linguist for you.)